Aging process makes our skin sagging and lifeless. As this is a natural process of body, nothing can reverse the aging process. However, there is still some hope because modern science and medical technology have some solutions readily available. That means those with the money and motivation can opt for a cosmetic surgery to restore youthfulness in order to reverse aging till some extent. When it comes to cosmetic surgery for aging skin, facelift is one best option. With non-surgical alternatives for traditional facelift, many people now prefer for such cosmetic surgeries. That’s the reason the number of facelift surgeries per year is increasing.
Before opting for a face lift surgery, you should first know all about this surgical procedure. Facelift surgery is exactly what the name suggests. A plastic surgeon lifts the skin surgically and removes excess facial skin fat in order to promote a more youthful and tight facial skin. Facelift surgery involves different steps. Here are some of the basic steps involved in a facelift surgery.
Step One – Anesthesia
Before starting with the surgery, anesthetic medications are always administered. This is to improve your comfort during the surgical procedure. In most cases, plastic surgeons give intravenous sedation in combination with general anesthesia before the surgical procedure. Based on your body type and conditions, your doctor will recommend the best choice of anesthesia for you.
In addition to facelift, your cosmetic surgeon may advise you to go for some other procedures including soft tissue augmentation, facial implants, and wrinkle reductions. Sometimes, your skin may require a few resurfacing techniques in order to have an improved skin tone and smooth facial texture.
Step Two – The incision
Your facelift surgery may vary depending on the type of change you want. Sometimes, the rhytidectomy surgery choices include a long procedure of a traditional facelift. In contrast, it can also be a limited incision facelift surgery with a basic neck lift procedure.
- Traditional Facelift – During a traditional facelift incision, your plastic surgeon will begin the incision somewhere near the temples. This will continue around the ear till the end of lower scalp. Once the surgeon makes an incision, he or she will remove the facial fat by sculpt or liposuction method. In the next step, your underlying facial tissue will be repositioned and the deeper layers of the face will be lifted. After this step, the skin will be draped over and the excess skin will be trimmed away. For neck lifts, your surgeon may do a second incision under the chin in order to make the neck skin lift. As a result, your face and neck will look tight, youthful, and smooth.
- Limited Incision – In many cases, physicians perform a limited incision facelift surgery. Such surgery is for correcting sagging jowls, wrinkled face skin, and loose neck skin. In this process, excess fat accumulated near chin and face is also corrected. Surgeons make a small incision near the hairline and the temple to remove the excess fat. Laser therapy is also used in order to perform this step. In addition, the surgeon performs a traditional neck lift in order to remove the extra fat by separating the skin from the muscle underneath. Sometimes, the surgeon may have to fold the superficial musculoaponeurotic system or the skin layering in order to pull it back and tighten it over itself. As a result, the skin around the cheeks, jaw line, and the neck will become firm and smooth.
Step Three – Closing the incisions:
Finally, after removing the excess fat and folding the skin layer, your surgeon will pull the skin back up and proceed with the last step. After re-draping the skin over the face and neck, your surgeon will remove any excess skin either surgically or with laser. Then, the incision will be closed with sutures, stitches, or tissue glue. Usually, these stitches are placed within the hairline so that they are unnoticed. Once healed, the incision lines from a facelift will be concealed within the hairline.
Step Four – Healing and post-operative measures:
After a facelift procedure, you will see visible changes instantly. Your sagged face skin will be improved and appear toned, smooth, and youthful. Sometimes, you may find your skin swelled. This is very common after the surgical procedure. Gradually, these swellings will go away. If the facelift is done correctly, your incision scars will be completely unnoticeable. In case you find your skin very tight, contact your surgeon immediately. As you heal, your skin will appear more youthful, smooth, and radiant.
There are a few potential complications associated with this procedure. Some of them include infection, bleeding, asymmetry, and temporary loss of sensation. In some cases, it may lead to tissue scarring, hematoma, and necorsis. However, facelift is very satisfying and successful in most cases. Patients are advised to avoid using skin lotions and make-up for three to five days after the surgery. Once the dressings are taken out, you can go back to your regular skincare regimen. Also, the results of a facelift last for over 10 years. In fact, a good facelift will offer you youthful look, tight skin, and confident life.